The News Story – Japan’s sexual apathy is endangering the global economy
Japan has a new term for an “illness” that has Japanese officials increasingly worried—“celibacy syndrome.” In a nation plagued by sexual permissiveness, skyrocketing cost of living, and cutthroat workplace competition, more and more Japanese are losing interest in marriage, family, and even sex altogether.
In a blog entry for the Washington Post, Max Fisher reports that this lack of interest spells bad news for more than just Japan. Writes Fisher, “Japan is the world’s third-largest economy, a crucial link in global trade and a significant factor in everyone else’s economic well-being.” If Japan, which “owns almost as much U.S. debt as China,” goes bust, the U.S. will sorely feel the repercussions.
Amongst the reasons that Japanese avoid marriage and sex are such justifications as “cannot find a suitable partner” and “do not want to lose freedom or comfort.” Many Japanese men and women report being perfectly content with their “freedom,” but research suggests that such freedom is deceptive and leads, in the end, to a world of unhappiness.
The New Research – Living alone, popping pills
For some time, demographers in the United States and Western Europe have noted a remarkable increase in the number of single-person households, an increase only explicable in the context of high divorce rates, low fertility, and falling marriage rates. For a clearer understanding of the psychological implications of this trend toward solo living, Americans can consult a study recently completed by researchers from the United Kingdom and Finland, two European countries that have likewise seen a sharp rise in single-person households in recent decades. Conducted by researchers from University College London, from the University of Helsinki, and from Finnish public-health organizations, this new study raises serious questions about the mental well-being of men and women living alone.
The researchers began their study acutely aware that “an increasing proportion of the population lives in one-person households,” interpreting social developments in Finland against the backdrop of an international pattern: “the proportion of one-person households has doubled during the past three decades, with every third person in the U.S. and the U.K. [now] living alone.” “Never before in history has there been such a great proportion of people living alone,” researchers comment, adding that some demographers now estimate that “by 2020, nearly 40% of all households will have only one inhabitant.”
For the researchers, this upsurge in single-person households raises important questions about mental health. After all, in previous research “living alone has been associated with psychological disadvantages and an increased risk of mental health problems, higher rates of consumption of psychotropic drugs, and a higher risk of suicide.” To gauge the psychological effects of solo living among Finland’s working class, the researchers analyzed data collected between 2000 and 2008 from a nationally representative sample of 3,471 working-class Finns between the ages of 30 and 65, looking specifically for statistical indications linking living alone to use of psychotropic drugs. Such indications did indeed emerge in the researchers’ analysis: “Participants [in the study] living alone had a 1.81-fold higher purchase rate of antidepressants during the follow-up period than those who did not live alone.”
Taking the use of “antidepressant medication as a proxy measure for the most common mental disorders,” the researchers plausibly interpret their study as evidence that “people living alone may be at increased risk of developing mental health problems.” They speculate that this risk may reflect “psychosocial deficits such as feelings of isolation and a lack of social integration and trust, which, in turn, are risk factors for mental health.” They also conjecture that “single people may also face distress due to socioeconomic disadvantages, such as financial difficulties, and they may be prone to adverse health behaviors.” On the other hand, “Living with other persons may offer emotional support, feelings of social integration, as well as tangible factors that protect against mental health problems.”
(Source: Bryce J. Christensen and Nicole M. King, “New Research,” The Family in America, Winter 2013, Vol. 27 Number 1. Study: Laura Pulkki-Råback et al., “Living Alone and Antidepressant Medication Use: A Prospective Study in a Working-Age Population,” BMC Public Health 12 [March 2012]: 236.)